BES701 - Heating

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-05 16:18:17.011
Last review date 2018-07-05 16:18:17.012

Subject Title

Subject Description
In this course you will review the fundamental physics and thermodynamic principals behind heat transfer, the key factors creating heating load in buildings, combustion equipment, hydronic and steam boilers, distribution systems and terminal devices. You will look at the impact of advancing technology in the design, operation and control of heating systems. It includes additional studies in the properties of water and steam, boiler chemistry and the environmental impact of heating system operation.

Credit Status
One subject credit.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Identify both verbally and in writing the major means of heating distribution in a building and develop solutions to prevent energy waste.
  2. Describe the maintenance and operation of gas and oil burners and the storage of fuels in a safe and energy efficient manner.
  3. Analyze the dangers of incomplete combustion and recommend means to ensure complete combustion leading to safe, energy efficient, and environmentally responsible operation.
  4. Draw and explain the function of the components of a basic hydronic heating circuit.
  5. Describe the safe and energy efficient operation of a standard hot water system and steam boiler.
  6. Describe the operation of system controls and the maintenance required for different control valves.
  7. Describe the use of solar air heating, heat pump and combined heat and power as technology options for building heating.
  8. Identify the basic types of heating terminals used in buildings and explain their operating principles and describe the procedures for proper adjustment and maintenance of the terminal units.
  9. Identify the components of the building envelope and identify the measures related to the building envelope that can improve energy efficiency.

Essential Employability Skills
Communicate clearly, concisely and correctly in the written, spoken and visual form that fulfils the purpose and meets the needs of the audience.

Respond to written, spoken, or visual messages in a manner that ensures effective communication.

Execute mathematical operations accurately.

Apply a systematic approach to solve problems.

Use a variety of thinking skills to anticipate and solve problems.

Locate, select, organize, and document information using appropriate technology and information systems.

Analyze, evaluate, and apply relevant information from a variety of sources.

Show respect for diverse opinions, values, belief systems, and contributions of others.

Interact with others in groups or teams in ways that contribute to effective working relationships and the achievement of goals.

Manage the use of time and other resources to complete projects.

Take responsibility for one's own actions, decisions, and consequences.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

BES700 is recommended but not required

Topic Outline
Principles of Heat Transfer

  • Heat Transfer Mechanisms
  • Heat Transfer in Air and Water
  • Heating Load in a Building

Building Envelope
  • Structure of the Building Envelope
  • Air Leakage
  • Air Sealing
  • Windows
  • Insulation

Combustion and Combustion Equipment
  • Fuels
  • Burners
  • Furnaces

Water and Steam Boilers

  • Boiler Equipment
  • Operation and Maintenance
  • Efficiency

Water Pumps and Seals

  • Types of Pumps
  • Seals and Couplings
  • Performance and Efficiency

System Controls and Valves

  • Pipes and Fittings
  • Types of Valves

Heating Terminals

  • Types of Terminals
  • Efficiency

Alternative Technology

  • Solar Heating
  • Ground Source Heat Pumps
  • Combined Heat and Power

Mode of Instruction
Traditional Classroom
Lectures, discussions in the classroom, video 

Independent learning with tutor support.  Instructor will contact you by email.

Prescribed Texts
BES 701 Heating, Seneca College, ISBN/Sku #: 0-00011-701-B.  Available from the Seneca Bookstore.  

Correspondence students, your text fee is included and your text will be shipped to you.

Reference Material

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Since this is a professional credit subject, marking standards reinforce professional practice by demanding legible, tidy work. Written projects should be well organized and grammatically correct, with proper spelling and punctuation. Late projects are penalized. Please obtain standards, dates and additional information from your instructor.

While attendance is not a formal part of the evaluation process, absenteeism will almost guarantee your inability to achieve a satisfactory grade, as there is no formal provision for make-up tests or projects you may miss.

To attain a passing grade for the subject, a student must complete and obtain a passing grade on all combined projects and tests during the term.  For further information on evaluation and academic standing, see a copy of the Academic Policy. They are available at Seneca Registration offices.

Grading is based on the following marking scheme:

Project                 25%
Midterm              35%
Final                      40%

Correspondence and Online
Project 1              30%
Project 2              30%
Final                      40%

Approved by: Denis Gravelle