BES710 - Energy Efficiency - Large Buildings

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-08-28 16:21:00.231
Last review date 2018-08-28 16:21:00.233

Subject Title
Energy Efficiency - Large Buildings

Subject Description
This subject introduces students to the energy and resource efficiency challenges of large buildings and ways to address them.  Topics include a review of building operating systems; energy audits and accounting; energy management and indoor air quality within a large building environment.  Students practise analyzing a large building and proposing cost effective changes to improve utility consumption within that building.  Emphasis is on achieving both a healthy and energy efficient environment within a large building.

Credit Status
One of the two credits required to upgrade a Building Environmental Systems (BES) Class II Certificate to a BES Class I Certificate and a credit in the BES Facility Manager Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1. Discuss the process and dimensions of energy efficiency management.
2. Identify energy saving opportunities based on a cost-benefit analysis.
3. Discuss how to compile electrical and thermal load inventories.
4. Collect and analyze energy information.
5. Discuss the components and purpose of energy audits.
6. Monitor and account for energy usage.
7. Discuss the contribution of the building envelope to the energy system.
8. Determine means to improve energy efficiency in large buildings through changes to the building envelope and building systems.
9. Discuss the impact of maintenance measures on savings related to the systems required to heat, cool and electrically energize various features in a building.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Successful completion of BES 700 

Topic Outline
Energy Management in Building

  • Define Energy Management
  • Managing Energy Cost
  • Creating a Load Inventory
  • Identifying Saving Opportunities

Energy Accounting
  • Electrical Demand Profile
  • Energy Consumption Drivers
  • Energy Monitoring, Targeting & Reporting
  • Measurement and Verification

Building Envelope
  • Envelope Heat Loss
  • Windows
  • Alternative Approach to Building Envelope

Heating System
  • Heating Loads
  • Hot Water Distribution System
  • Steam Distribution System
  • Domestic Hot Water System

Cooling Systems and Heat Pumps
  • Cooling Loads
  • Direct Expansion Cooling
  • Chilled Water Cooling
  • Heat Pumps

Air Handling System
  • General Measures
  • Air Distribution Systems
  • Air Exhaust Systems
  • Fans

Indoor Air Quality
  • Ventilation Requirements
  • Air Quality Parameters
  • Air Quality Checklists/Logs

  • Types
  • Saving Opportunities

Lighting Systems
  • Types
  • Maintenance
  • Controls
  • Opportunity Checklist

Control System
  • Components
  • Systems and Sequences
  • Calibration
  • Energy Conservation

Operation and Maintenance
  • Monitoring and Operations Logs
  • Heating, Cooling & Ventilation Maintenance
  • Water Treatment

Mode of Instruction
Traditional Classroom
Lectures, discussions in the classroom, video 

Independent learning with tutor support.  Instructor will contact you by email. 

Prescribed Texts
BES 710 Energy Management in Buildings, Seneca College, ISBN/Sku #: 0-00011-710-B. Available from the Seneca Bookstore.  

Correspondence students, your text fee is included and your text will be shipped to you.

Reference Material

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Since this is a professional credit subject, marking standards reinforce professional practice by demanding legible, tidy work. Written projects should be well organized and grammatically correct, with proper spelling and punctuation. Late projects are penalized. Please obtain standards, dates and additional information from your instructor.

While attendance is not a formal part of the evaluation process, absenteeism will almost guarantee your inability to achieve a satisfactory grade, as there is no formal provision for make-up tests or projects you may miss.

To attain a passing grade for the subject, a student must complete and obtain a passing grade on all combined projects and tests during the term.  For further information on evaluation and academic standing, see a copy of the Academic Policy. They are available at Seneca Registration offices.

Grading is based on the following marking scheme:

Projects 20%
Midterms 40%
Finals 40%

Correspondence and Online
Project 1              30%
Project 2              30%
Final                      40%

Approved by: Denis Gravelle