CCN504 - Wide Area Networking

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-20 11:56:06.055
Last review date 2018-07-20 11:56:18.116

Subject Title
Wide Area Networking

Subject Description
This course focuses on advanced IP addressing techniques (Network Address Translation, Port Address Translation and DHCP), WAN technology and terminology such as PPP, ISDN, DDR, Frame Relay, Network Management and an introduction to optical networking. Network design and implementation will be discussed with an emphasis on network security and reliability. The theoretical concepts will be reinforced with extensive hand-on exercises.

Credit Status
1 Full Credit

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Describe WAN technology.
  2. Identify devices required to provide WAN solutions to small and medium businesses.
  3. Configure PPP with PAP and CHAP authentication.
  4. Explain Frame Relay concepts and terminology.
  5. Configure and troubleshoot a simple Frame Relay network.
  6. Compare and contrast DSL and cable service for remote access.
  7. Describe VPNs and explain how they provide secure access across the Internet.
  8. Configure simple VPN access for a host and troubleshoot using appropriate show and debug commands.
  9. Explain new technologies for WANs such as Metro Ethernet and DWDM.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline
Hierarchical Network Design
- Describe how a hierarchical network model is used to design networks.
- Explain the structured engineering principles for network design: Hierarchy, Modularity, Resiliency, Flexibility.
- Describe the three layers of a hierarchical network and how they are used in network design.
- Identify the benefits of a hierarchical design.
- Describe the Cisco Enterprise Architecture Model.
- Describe the three new business network architectures: borderless network architecture, collaboration network architecture, and the data center or virtualization network architecture.
Connecting to the WAN
- Describe the purpose of a WAN.
- Describe WAN operations.
- Describe WAN services available.
- Compare various private WAN technologies.
- Compare various public WAN technologies.
- Select the appropriate WAN protocol and service for a specific network requirement.
Point-to-Point Connections
- Explain the fundamentals of point-to-point serial communication across a WAN.
- Configure HDLC encapsulation on a point-to-point serial link.
- Describe the benefits of using PPP over HDLC in a WAN.
- Describe the PPP layered architecture and the functions of LCP and NCP.
- Explain how a PPP session is established.
- Configure PPP encapsulation on a point-to-point serial link.
- Configure PPP authentication protocols.
- Use show and debug commands to troubleshoot PPP.
Frame Relay
- Describe the fundamental concepts of Frame Relay technology, including operation, implementation requirements, maps, and Local Management Interface (LMI) operation.
- Configure a basic Frame Relay permanent virtual circuit (PVC), including configuring and troubleshooting Frame Relay on a router serial interface and configuring a static Frame Relay map.
- Describe advanced concepts of Frame Relay technology, including subinterfaces, bandwidth, and flow control.
- Configure an advanced Frame Relay PVC, including solving reachability issues, configuring subinterfaces, and verifying and troubleshooting a Frame Relay configuration.
Network Address Translation for IPv4
- Describe NAT characteristics.
- Describe the benefits and drawbacks of NAT.
- Configure static NAT using the CLI.
- Configure dynamic NAT using the CLI.
- Configure PAT using the CLI.
- Configure port forwarding using the CLI.
- Configure NAT64.
- Use show commands to verify NAT operation.
Broadband Solutions
- Determine how to select broadband solutions to support remote connectivity in a small-to-medium sized business network.
- Explain the benefits of teleworking solutions.
- Describe the business requirements of teleworking.
- Describe a cable system and cable broadband access.
- Describe a DSL system and DSL broadband access.
- Describe broadband wireless options.
- Compare broadband solutions.
- Configure and verify a basic PPP over Ethernet connection on a client router.
Securing Site-to-Site Connectivity
- Describe benefits of VPN technology.
- Describe site-to-site and remote access VPNs.
- Describe the purpose and benefits of GRE tunnels.
- Configure a site-tosite GRE tunnel.
- Describe the characteristics of IPsec.
- Explain how IPsec is implemented using the IPsec protocol framework.
- Explain how the Anyconnect client and clientless SSL remote access VPN implementations support business requirements.
- Compare IPsec and SSL remote access VPNs.
Monitoring the Network
- Explain syslog operation in a smallto- medium-sized business network.
- Configure syslog to compile messages on a small-to-mediumsized business network management device.
- Explain syslog operation in small-tomedium- sized business network.
- Configure SNMP to compile messages on a small-to-mediumsized business network.
- Describe NetFlow operation in a smallto-medium-sized business network.
- Configure NetFlow data export on a router.
- Examine sample NetFlow data to determine traffic patterns
Troubleshooting the Network
- Explain how network documentation is developed and used to troubleshoot network issues.
- Describe the general troubleshooting process.
- Compare troubleshooting methods that use a systematic, layered approach.
- Describe troubleshooting tools used to gather and analyze symptoms of network problems.
- Determine the symptoms and causes of network problems using a layered model.
- Troubleshoot a network using the layered model 

Mode of Instruction
This course is offered online.  This may involve the use of digital materials and/or a text, group discussions, interaction with your instructor and online activities.
Distant Learning students please refer to addendum. 
It is the student's responsibility to save documents, articles and notes that the instructor has provided online or in class. Students will not be able to access anything posted as of the last day of the student’s class.
Platform:  Blackboard

Prescribed Texts
Recommeded (OPTIONAL):
Title: Connecting Networks Companion Guide

Edition and Publisher: Copyright 2014, Cisco Press
ISBN-10: 1-58713-332-6
ISBN-13: 978-1-58713-332-9

Reference Material

Online Resource(s):
Cisco NetSpace

Required Supplies
Following are the required Online Resource(s):
Cisco NetSpace
Material(s) required for completing this course:
Current version of Cisco Packet Tracer
Any computer that has Internet connectivity; Any word processing package (eg: Word), software will be provided free for download

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation

Assignment(s) 30%
Test(s) 30%
Final Skills Assessment 20%
Final Theory Test - Online - no invigilation 20%

Approved by: Sharon Estok