FIR002 - Introduction to Firefighting

Outline info
Semester
School
Last revision date 2017-05-29 00:39:34.841
Last review date 2017-07-17 00:16:18.326


Subject Title
Introduction to Firefighting

Subject Description
This subject provides an overview of basic components of fire ground operations within the structure of an incident management system. Content focuses on fire ground operations such as safety practices, search and rescue, and property conservation. Common techniques, tools, equipment and their use are incorporated. Specific knowledge, attitudes and skills of the firefighter are included. This subject is divided into four sections: A) Firefighter Safety Practices, B) Firefighter Protective Clothing and Equipment i. Protective Clothing ii.Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus, C) Fire Apparatus i. Operate Emergency Vehicles ii. Application of Hydraulics iii. Pre and Post Incident Inspection and D) General Rescue: Principles and Practices.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Ontario College Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

A. Firefighter Safety Practices

1. describe the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) as it applies to fire departments
2. describe the applicable sections of legislation, standards, guidelines and regulations and how they relate to firefighter safety practices
3. describe the duties of employers, supervisors and workers in order to comply with the Occupational Health and Safety Act
4. describe the common elements in a fire department safety policy
5. describe the elements of a fire ground safety system such as Incident Safety Officers, role of Departmental Operational guidelines and the role of the firefighter in applying safety practices
6. describe firefighter safety practices in an Incident Management System including the role of the Incident Commander, rapid intervention teams, personal accountability systems, entry control, emergency evacuation system, and rehabilitation of firefighters
7. describe the departmental procedural guidelines that promote safety in the fire station and on the fire ground such as self assessment and rescue actions for firefighters at risk and safety precautions when riding department vehicles
8. identity the building services that have to be controlled during an emergency and the role of the firefighter in electrical emergencies
9. describe the components of a tool and equipment safety program
10. describe the impact of injuries and accidents on fire departments and individuals and list the components and benefits of a physical fitness and health training and maintenance program
11. describe resources available to fire departments to reduce injuries caused by critical incident stress, overexertion and other workplace hazards

B. Firefighter Protective Clothing and Equipment

i. Protective Clothing

1. describe the standards set for personal protective clothing required for Ontario firefighters
2. describe the purpose, types and level of protection afforded by each article of personal protective clothing
3. describe the limitations of personal protective clothing
4. describe the procedures for donning and doffing personal protective clothing
5. describe the procedures for maintaining, storing, cleaning and inspecting personal protective clothing
6. describe the injuries that can occur when wearing protective clothing

ii. Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

1. identify hazardous respiratory environments
2. describe the physiological effects of combustion gases on firefighters
3. identify appropriate sections of codes, standards, guidelines and acts which apply to users of SCBA
4. describe the various types of SCBA
5. identify and describe the component parts and characteristics of a positive pressure SCBA
6. describe the limitations of positive pressure SCBA
7. describe the emergency systems incorporated into positive pressure SCBA according to departmental guidelines
8. describe the factors which influence working time when wearing SCBA
9. describe the procedures for inspecting, cleaning, storing and maintaining SCBA according to manufacturers' instructions and departmental procedures
10. describe procedures for checking, donning, operating and doffing SCBA
11. describe safety and emergency procedures and methods when wearing SCBA based on manufacturers' specifications and departmental procedures

C. Fire Apparatus

i. Operation of Emergency Vehicles

1. identify provincial laws that govern the safe driving and operation of fire apparatus
2. describe the exclusions from the Highway Traffic Act that fire apparatus are permitted while responding to an emergency

ii. Application of Hydraulics

1. define the term "hydraulics" as it applies to the fire service
2. list the reasons for studying hydraulics
3. define common terminology used in fire department hydraulics
4. describe the properties of water
5. describe the methods of delivering water to the pump
6. describe types of pressure in a water system
7. describe common hose lays

iii. Pre and Post Incident Inspection

1. describe the procedures to conduct a pre and post incident equipment inspection
2. describe the steps required to conduct a specific operational check of each fire apparatus
3. describe the daily routine for maintaining and operating fire apparatus in accordance with recognized standards and manufacturers' supplied information
4. describe the procedures to return fire apparatus to service
5. describe the procedures for taking inventory, stowing and securing equipment on/in apparatus at both the station and fire scene, including items such as ladders, self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), hoses and appliances
6. describe the procedures to clean fire apparatus such as cab interiors, body panels, windows and other areas by using appropriate cleaning equipment and agents
7. describe the procedures to grease and lubricate apparatus components such as door hinges, control valves, and levers using appropriate lubricants
8. describe the procedures to perform light vehicle maintenance such as replacing light bulbs, wipers and fuses, and touching up painted surfaces

D. General Rescue: Principles and Practices

1. describe the procedure for sizing up an incident and overall situation involving rescue
2. describe the procedures and methods of stabilizing a scene requiring rescue operations
3. describe the methods for conducting a victim(s) search
4. describe different types of entrapping mechanisms and common principles and procedures of stabilization in rescue operations
5. describe how to assess and stabilize victim(s) in rescue situations by utilizing emergency patient care supplies and equipment
6. describe methods of providing means of egress from the entrapping mechanism and removing the stabilized victim(s) in rescue operations
7. describe common principles and procedures used to communicate with rescue team members using communications systems and terminology
8. identify the generic principles, practices and primary goals of the rescue process and operations
9. describe the personal protective clothing and equipment required in rescue operations
10. describe commonly used tools and equipment used in rescue(s) (manual and/or powered)
11. identify members of the emergency rescue team including their roles and responsibilities
12. identify safety, ethical, professional and legislative considerations of concern during rescue operations
13. describe the mental and physical conditions in which victim(s) are found during rescue operations
14. describe the occupational stress factors in rescue that effect the mental, physical and emotional states of the rescuer

Specific Skill Learning Outcomes

A. Firefighter Safety Practices

- perform fire safety practices within the Incident Management System

B. Firefighter Protective Clothing and Equipment

i. Protective Clothing

- don and doff firefighter protective clothing including such issued items as coat and pants, helmet, flash hood, boots and gloves so that they are correctly adjusted or fitted
- maintain, store, clean and inspect firefighter protective clothing including such issued items as coat and pants, helmet, flash hood, boots and gloves so that integrity of protective clothing is maintained

ii. Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)

- check, don, operate and doff self-contained breathing apparatus in 75 second according to manufacturers' specifications and department policies so that optimum respiratory protection is provided in a hostile environment
- demonstrate the procedures for inspecting, maintaining, cleaning and storing SCBA according to manufacturers' instructions and departmental procedures
- demonstrate emergency and safety procedures for apparatus malfunction according to manufacturers' instructions and departmental guidelines

C. Fire Apparatus

iii. Pre and Post Incident Inspection:

- clean fire apparatus such as cab interiors, body panels, windows and other areas by using appropriate cleaning equipment and agents so that the vehicle presents a positive public image and vehicle life is extended
- grease and lubricate apparatus components such as door hinges, control valves, and levers using appropriate lubricants so that unnecessary wear is reduced and the component is operational
- perform light vehicle maintenance such as replacing light bulbs, wipers and fuses, land touching up painted surfaces so that out-of-service time is minimized and the apparatus is maintained

D. General Rescue: Principles and Practices

- size-up a rescue incident and overall situation, anticipating alternative courses of action, noting hazards and environmental conditions
- stabilize a scene requiring rescue operations by taking necessary safety precautions, including crowd or traffic control and isolating hazards using warning devices, adequate lighting and scene stabilization procedures so that a safe working area is ensured
- conduct a search for victim(s) using appropriate equipment and rescue procedures so that the search is systematic and comprehensive
- stabilize entrapping mechanisms in rescue operations by using appropriate equipment and rescue procedures so that during the extrication, the entrapping mechanism remains stationary and minimize the potential for injuries to rescuer or victim(s)
- assess and stabilize victim(s) in rescue situations utilizing emergency patient care supplies and equipment so that life-threatening conditions are identified and treated, reassuring the victim(s), while properly securing and removing from the entrapping mechanism with minimum risk of further injury
- provide a means of egress from the entrapping mechanism by using rescue specific equipment and removing the stabilized victim(s) in rescue operations so that additional injuries are minimized during the removal process
- communicate with rescue team members using communications systems and terminology so that rescue evolutions are carried out safely and effectively

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on http://library.senecacollege.ca for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

Discrimination/Harassment
All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at student.conduct@senecacollege.ca.

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Prerequisite(s)
Co-requisite
FIR001  

Topic Outline

  • Firefighter Safety Practices 

This section covers firefighter safety principles and practices as well as Occupational Health and Safety principles and how they apply to a comprehensive health and safety program for the fire department.  The learner will complete a Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) course by the end of this section 
 

  • Protective Clothing 

This section covers the purpose, types, uses and limitations of protective clothing.  The learner practices donning and doffing personal protective clothing and equipment including maintaining, storing, cleaning and inspecting. 
 

  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) 

This section covers types and configurations of breathing apparatus and its component parts.  Respiratory hazards, limitations of breathing apparatus and emergency procedures are covered.  The importance to the firefighter of the inspection, proper donning and doffing, operation, maintenance, cleaning and safety checks is emphasized. 
 

  • Fire Apparatus 

This section introduces the rules, procedures and regulations that apply to the driving and operation of fire apparatus.  The purpose of a fire pump and an introduction to fire service hydraulics is covered, including the definition, terminology, properties of water, methods of delivery, types of pressures and types of common hose lays.  The different types and purposes of fire apparatus and equipment are discussed, and pre and post equipment inspection is also covered. 
 

  • Emergency Vehicles 
  • Application of Hydraulics 
  • Pre and Post Incident Inspection 
  • General Rescue: Principles and Practices 

This section provides the learner with generic rescue principles and practices along with an understanding of the rescue process as conducted by firefighters.  Key factors, conditions affecting common rescue, the roles and responsibilities of emergency rescue responders, safety and teamwork will be covered. Specifics will include rescue terminology, tools, equipment and available resources for rescue. 

Mode of Instruction
Lectures, demonstrations 

Prescribed Texts
Essentials of Fire Fighting & Department Operations 6th edition (expanded with HM awareness and ops and an EMR chapter)
By Brady, IFSTA; ISBN#9780879395216

Essentials of Firefighting WKBK, ISBN# 9780133405163

NFPA Firefighter Practical I & II, School of Fire Protection, Seneca

Reference Material
Provided in Class:
Occupational Health and Safety Act 
OAFC/OFM Career Path 
Copy of an Establishing and Regulating By- law (Municipal) 
Highway Traffic Act 
Municipal Act 
Fire Protection and Prevention Act 

Copy of a municipal Fire Route By-law  

Required Supplies
None.

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
OR
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online (http://www.senecacollege.ca/academic-policy) or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.



Modes of Evaluation
Grading is based on the following marking scheme:

Mid term exam 50%
Final exam 50%

Pass mark for subject is 70% overall
80% attendance is required by the Office of the Fire Marshal to receive a passing grade for this subject 



Approved by: Sandra Noble