FIR003 - Fire Ground Operations I

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-05-29 00:39:35.081
Last review date 2017-07-17 00:16:18.389

Subject Title
Fire Ground Operations I

Subject Description
This subject provides an overview of basic components of fire ground operations within the structure of an incident management system. Content focuses on fire ground operations such as safety practices, search and rescue, and property conservation. Common techniques, tools, equipment and their use are incorporated. Specific knowledge, attitudes and skills of the firefighter are included. This subject is divided into two sections: A) Incident Management System i. Introduction to the Incident Management System ii. Introduction to Size-Up iii. Introduction to Decision Making iv. Introduction to Fire Cause Determination v. Introduction to Post Incident Analysis and Review and B) Fire Ground Communications

Credit Status
One credit toward the Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Ontario College Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

A. Incident Management System

i. Introduction to the Incident Management System

1. describe the need for an Incident Management System in emergency response
2. describe the objectives, benefits and purpose of an Incident Management System
3. describe the levels of command within an Incident Management System and the role of each command level
4. describe the analysis and decision making process used by officers on the emergency scene
5. identify the tactical priorities used by the Incident Commander to help develop strategy
6. identify the benchmark code words used to signify the attainment of a tactical priority
7. describe the role of the firefighter in an Incident Management System
8. describe the firefighter safety practices in the Incident Management System

ii. Introduction to Size-Up

1. describe the process of scanning, assessment and size-up in an emergency situation

iii. Introduction to Decision Making

1. describe the problem solving process and different decision making models
2. describe the decision making process used by command officers to plan their strategy on the fire ground
3. describe the strategies and tactics used by command officers

iv. Introduction to Fire Cause Determination

1. describe the role of the firefighter in determining fire cause
2. describe the incidence of arson
3. describe the legal and ethical considerations involved with on scene responsibilities of the firefighter
4. describe observations that should be noted on route to a fire
5. describe how to make observations upon arrival at the fire scene
6. describe how to recognize abnormal situations before and during fire suppression that would assist in determining the origin and cause of the fire
7. describe how to identify information pertaining to potential witnesses (at the fire scene and listen to their comments) regarding origin and cause of the fire
8. describe how to recognize, collect and preserve evidence from a fire during a scene examination
9. describe indicators that a fire may be of incendiary origin
10. describe indicators of fire spread
11. describe the ways to locate the fire's point of origin

v. Introduction to Post Incident Analysis and Review

1. describe the purpose and benefits of post incident analysis and review
2. describe the procedure involved, roles of participants and required documentation
3. list the expected outcomes of conducting a review
4. describe the role of critical incident stress management in post incident analysis

B. Fire Ground Communications

This section deals with fire ground communications and the role of the firefighter.
1. describe fire department radio procedures including radio language (10 code/common language)
2. describe methods of alerting fire department personnel
3. describe the standard information transmitted to and from an emergency situation

Specific Skill Learning Outcomes

A. Incident Management System

i. Introduction to the Incident Management System

1. perform fire safety practices within the Incident Management System

ii. Introduction to Size-Up

1. demonstrate size-up skills required to assist in operational decision making by using supplied information and observations such as weather, time of day and type of occupancy so that the fire can be quickly and effectively extinguished

iii. Introduction to Decision Making

1. demonstrate problem solving skills in a specific fire situation

iv. Introduction to Fire Cause Determination

1. demonstrate observation skills related to incendiary fire before, during and after firefighting
2. demonstrate collecting, preserving and recording evidence
3. demonstrate securing a fire scene
4. demonstrate establishing and maintaining a fire watch

B. Fire Ground Communications

1. operate mobile and portable radios including receiving or transmitting messages, using correct departmental procedures including radio language (10 code/common language) so that messages are clear and concise

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

and a valid Fitness Certificate 

Topic Outline

  • Incident Management System 

This section provides an overview of safe fire ground operations within an Incident Management System.  Students learn to perform the firefighter's role related to sizing up the fire ground, making safe, appropriate decisions and operating communication devices.  Students will be required to purchase boots, gloves, flashoods and a helmet at an approximate cost of $500.00. This equipment will be used throughout the remainder of the program.  

  • Fire Cause Determination 
  • Post Incident Analysis and Review 
  • Fire Ground Communications 

This section gives an overview of the communication and dispatch system in the fire department.  The purpose, procedures and operations of communication equipment will be covered along with the role of the dispatcher. 

Mode of Instruction
Lectures, demonstrations  

Prescribed Texts
Essentials of Fire Fighting & Department Operations 6th edition (expanded with HM awareness and ops and an EMR chapter)
By Brady, IFSTA; ISBN#9780879395216

Essentials of Firefighting WKBK, ISBN# 9780133405163

Reference Material
Provided in Class:
CSA Z94.4-93-Selection, Use and Care of Respirators 
CAN/CGSB 155.1-98 (Standard for Protective Clothing) 
Ontario Firefighter Standards (Current Edition)

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Grading is based on the following marking scheme:  

Term Work        60%
Final Exam        40%

Pass mark for subject is 70% overall
80% attendance is required by the Office of the Fire Marshal to receive a passing grade for this subject 

Approved by: Sandra Noble