FIR005 - Fire Ground Operations II

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-11-21 12:06:55.83
Last review date 2017-11-21 12:07:27.067

Subject Title
Fire Ground Operations II

Subject Description
Students learn to match fire suppression methods and agents with fire types. Emphasis is also on the safe raising and lowering of firefighting equipment using ropes and knots, as well as the safe and proper use of ladders. This subject is divided into three sections: A) Fire Suppression Techniques, B) Raising and Lowering Firefighter Equipment, and C) Ladders.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Ontario College Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

A. Fire Suppression Techniques- describe the principles and procedures for suppressing Class A fires using the three methods of fire attack
- describe safety precautions and considerations to be observed when extinguishing fires
- describe common firefighting extinguishing agents
- describe the procedures to advance hose lines into fire situations and identify the precautions to be observed
- describe the purpose and procedures for extinguishing Class B fires with water
- describe the advantages and disadvantages of various extinguishing agents when extinguishing Class C fires
- describe the safety precautions to be observed when extinguishing Class C fires
- describe the procedures for the extinguishment of a Class D fire
- identify and describe the standard types of building construction
- identify structural features and other factors which influence fire spread and safety

B. Raising and Lower Firefighter Equipment- describe the types of ropes and appropriate knots used to raise and lower firefighting equipment in emergency and non-emergency situations
- describe the construction, sizes, physical characteristics and strengths of ropes and knots and determine the safe working loads of fire department ropes
- define the terms used in tying ropes and knots
- describe the uses of recognized fire service knots
- describe the procedures to ensure safety of firefighters when raising and lowering equipment
- describe the procedures for inspecting, maintaining and storing ropes

C. Ladders- identify the purposes, types, construction and physical characteristics of fire department ladders
- identify and describe the parts of a ladder
- describe the advantages and disadvantages of using different types of ladders and their related safety precautions
- identify the correct ladder for a specific job or firefighting action
- describe the procedures for carrying, positioning, raising and tying off ladders for a specific task
- describe the procedure for determining the number of people that can safely occupy a ladder at any given time
- describe the procedures for climbing and working from ladders
- describe the procedures for cleaning and maintaining fire department ladders
- describe the safety precautions associated with the use of ladders

Specific Skill Learning Outcomes

A. Fire Suppression Techniques- extinguish Class A and B fires using the appropriate method of attack and appropriate extinguishing agent safely and effectively

B. Raising and Lower Firefighter Equipment- raise and lower firefighting equipment using appropriate ropes and knots so that equipment is raised and lowered safely without injury to the firefighter or damage to the equipment or ropes

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.



Topic Outline

  • Fire Suppression Techniques 

This section specifies considerations, procedures and precautions necessary to successfully extinguish the four classes of fire.  As well, the types of building construction and their effect on fire safety are outlined. 

  • Raising and Lowering Firefighter Equipment 

This section covers common ropes and knots used to raise and lower firefighter equipment in emergency and non-emergency situations.  Types, sizes and uses of ropes are highlighted.  Practical experience focuses on tying common knots and raising and lowering firefighting equipment. 

  • Ladders 

This section covers types and sizes of ladders used in the fire service and different methods used in carrying, raising, climbing and working on ground ladders. 

Mode of Instruction
Lectures & demonstrations 

Prescribed Texts
Essentials of Fire Fighting & Department Operations 6th edition (expanded with HM awareness and ops and an EMR chapter)
By Brady, IFSTA; ISBN#9780879395216

Essentials of Firefighting WKBK, ISBN# 9780133405163

Reference Material
IFSTA Essentials of Firefighting, 6th Edition 
Publisher: Oklahoma State University   ISBN # 9780133140804
CSA Z94.4-93-Selection, Use and Care of Respirators 
CAN/CGSB 155.1-98 (Standard for Protective Clothing) 
Firefighter Ontario Fire Services Standards   ISBN # 0-00493-000-B 
Ontario Association of Fire Chiefs  

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Grading is based on the following marking scheme: 

Term Work      60% 
Final Exam      40%

Pass mark for subject is 70% overall
80% attendance is required by the Office of the Fire Marshal to receive a passing grade for this subject.

Approved by: Sandra Noble