FIR006 - Fire Suppression II

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-05-29 00:39:34.236
Last review date 2017-07-17 00:16:18.462

Subject Title
Fire Suppression II

Subject Description
This subject covers the role of ventilation to achieve the desired, controlled release of heat, smoke and gases during fire suppression. This subject also covers procedures, hazards and implications related to forcible entry, search and rescue, salvage and overhaul.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Ontario College Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

Specific Theory Learning Outcomes

A. Ventilation

- describe and define ventilation, natural and forced (mechanical)
- describe how ventilation forms part of the overall strategy for the suppression of fire
- describe the procedures for determining the need for, type and location of ventilation
- list the benefits of ventilation
- describe dangers encountered when ventilating
- describe the safety precautions taken when performing ventilation
- identify and describe common ventilation equipment
- describe vertical and horizontal ventilation
- describe advantages and disadvantages of different types of ventilation

B. Forcible Entry

- define the purpose of forcible entry
- identify types of doors used in building construction
- describe the procedures for opening and forcing various types of doors
- identify types of windows used in building construction
- describe the procedures for breaking and opening various types of locked windows
- identify common tools used for forcible entry
- describe the hazards of forcible entry
- explain the legal implications of forcible entry
- explain the responsibilities of the firefighter in regards to privacy and confidentiality

C. Search and Rescue

- identify the importance of fire ground size-up and tactics in search and rescue operations
- identify personal protection required during search and rescue operations
- identify factors to be taken into consideration when planning search and rescue operations
- describe the methods for locating individuals and victim(s)
- identify safety precautions for conducting search and rescue operations in a burning, smoke-filled building and other dangerous areas
- describe search and rescue procedures for burning, smoke-filled building and other
dangerous areas
- describe the characteristics of primary and secondary searches
- describe and identify equipment used for search and rescue purposes
- describe considerations/conditions to be assessed prior to the movement of victim(s) or injured person(s)
- describe the various methods for removing victim(s) to safety, including drags and carries
- describe the procedures for evacuating potential victim(s) from areas of possible danger
- identify techniques for removing debris, rubble and other materials while tunneling
- identify techniques and procedures for stabilizing the search and rescue scene using hydraulic equipment and shoring material
- describe the firefighter's responsibility for inspecting and maintaining rescue equipment including stretchers, backboards, stokes baskets, hydraulic devices and lighting equipment

D. Salvage

- define salvage
- describe the benefits of salvage
- identify common types of salvage equipment
- describe the basic construction of salvage covers and their common uses
- describe methods for protecting building contents
- describe the procedures for raiding and stacking materials
- describe the procedures for isolating building services
- describe the procedures for providing illumination
- describe how to rehabilitate a building following an emergency according to departmental policies and procedures
- describe the precautions required to prevent damage to salvage covers
- describe the procedures for folding and rolling salvage covers
- describe the procedures for cleaning, maintaining and inspecting salvage covers, common tools and equipment

E. Overhaul

- define overhaul and state reasons for its use
- describe the procedures and methods for detecting concealed fires using tools and equipment
- identify factors that indicate hidden fires may be present
- identify tools and equipment that are commonly used for overhaul
- describe overhaul procedures performed on the fire ground
- describe procedures for restoring premises prior to re-occupation
- describe the duties and responsibilities of a firefighter assigned to fire watch
- describe the procedures for conducting a fire watch
- describe safety precautions to be considered during overhaul

Specific Skill Learning Outcomes

A. Ventilation

- ventilate structures using natural or mechanical means such as smoke ejectors, fog lines, natural convection currents or positive pressure ventilation so that a controlled release of heat, smoke and gases is achieved

B. Forcible Entry

- gain access to a secured area using forcible entry such as forcing a window, prying a door, breaching a wall, using pry bars, axes and power tools so that entry can be achieved quickly with the minimum amount of damage to the structure

C. Search and Rescue

- conduct a search for victim(s) using equipment such as self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), lifelines, hand tools and thermal imaging cameras so that the search is systematic, comprehensive and all victim(s) are located quickly
- evacuate/remove victim(s) by performing departmental carries and drags, such as the victim drag, blanket drag and chair carry so that victim(s) can be quickly and safely removed from an area of danger to one of safety
- evacuate exposed person(s) from areas of possible danger such as adjoining structures or the floors above or below a fire using communications and mechanical equipment such as loud hailers

D. Salvage

- conduct salvage operations by protecting contents from heat, smoke, water, and fire using ventilation procedures and equipment, pike poles, and salvage covers so that property loss is minimized and good public relations are maintained

E. Overhaul

- overhaul the fire area by searching for and extinguishing hidden fires, restoring premises to a secure state, recognizing and preserving evidence of fire cause using pike poles, pry bars, hose lines, hand tools and thermal imaging devices so that the fire is completely extinguished and the building is secure
- demonstrate the procedure for conducting a fire watch

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline

  • Ventilation
This section defines ventilation as it applies to the fire service and describes the concepts, types, procedures, precautions, and equipment associated with ventilation operations. 

  • Forcible Entry 

This section defines forcible entry, covers the reasons for forcible entry, tools and techniques required, and discusses the various points of entry to buildings. 

  • Search and Rescue 

This section provides an overview of search and rescue operations.  The importance of information gathering is highlighted including the use of pre-plans to determine likely victim location.  Search patterns, victim stabilization and removal, safety, hazard recognition and inter-agency co-operation are stressed. 

  • Salvage 

This section describes the purpose of, benefits of, tools and equipment used, and procedures to follow during salvage operations. 

  • Overhaul 

This section defines overhaul and describes the reasons for, as well as procedures and precautions to be observed when performing overhaul operations.  The duties and responsibility of a fire watch are also covered. 

Mode of Instruction
Lectures & demonstrations  

Prescribed Texts
Essentials of Fire Fighting & Department Operations 6th edition (expanded with HM awareness and ops and an EMR chapter)
By Brady, IFSTA, ISBN# 9780793216

Essentials of Firefighting WKBK, 6th edtion, ISBN# 9780133405163

Reference Material
IFSTA Essentials of Firefighting, 6th Edition 
Publisher: Oklahoma State University   ISBN # 9780133140804
CSA Z94.4-93-Selection, Use and Care of Respirators 
CAN/CGSB 155.1-98 (Standard for Protective Clothing) 
Firefighter Ontario Fire Services Standards   ISBN # 0-00493-000-B 
Ontario Association of Fire Chiefs    

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Grading is based on the following marking scheme: 

Term Work    60% 
Final Exam    40% 

Pass mark for course is 70% overall
80% attendance is required by the Office of the Fire Marshal to receive a passing grade for this course.

Approved by: Sandra Noble