FIR009 - Rescue Operations

Outline info
Semester
School
Last revision date 2017-01-30 00:43:37.359
Last review date 2017-03-13 00:15:18.135


Subject Title
Rescue Operations

Subject Description
Students learn the extrication skills and procedures required for rescue from a vehicle, water/ice or confined space rescue. Assistance to the victim(s), prevention of further injury of impact and proper communication with rescue team members/outside agencies are all covered. This subject is divided into three sections: A) General Vehicle Extrication, B) Confined Space Rescue, and C) Land Based/Water/Ice Rescue.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Pre-Service Firefighter Education and Training Ontario College Certificate

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

A. General Vehicle Extrication

1. Describe the procedure for sizing up an incident and overall situation involving vehicle extrication
2. Describe the methods for conducting a victim(s) search
3. Describe common principles, procedures and practices for stabilizing a vehicle extrication scene
4. Define and explain various terms related to vehicle extrication
5. Describe the roles and responsibilities of firefighter emergency responders in vehicle extrication
6. Identify safety considerations related to types of vehicles and construction features and how they affect the victim(s) and rescuers including safety restraint systems
7 Describe the different types of entrapping mechanisms in vehicle extrication rescue operations
8. Describe the procedures, methods and equipment for stabilizing the vehicle
9. Describe how to assess and stabilize victim(s) in vehicle extrications by utilizing emergency patient care supplies and equipment
10. Describe methods of providing means of gaining access and providing egress from the vehicle, extricating and stabilizing victim(s)
11. Describe common principles and procedures used to communicate with rescue team
members using communications systems and terminology

B. Confined Space Rescue

1. Describe the procedure for sizing up an incident and overall situation involving confined space rescue
2. Describe the procedures and methods of stabilizing a scene requiring confined space rescue operations
3. Describe the types and use of air monitoring equipment
4. Describe the purpose, procedures and methods for conducting a victim(s) search external to the confined space
5. Describe different types of entrapping mechanisms and procedures for stabilization
6. Describe methods of providing means of egress from entrapment mechanisms
7. Describe the procedures, methods and equipment required for assessing and stabilizing victim(s) external to the confined space
8. Describe common principles and procedures used to communicate with rescue team members, outside agencies and victim(s) members using communication systems and terminology
9. Describe the application of all pertinent legislation, standards, regulations and guidelines to a non-entry confined space rescue

C. Land Based/Water/Ice Rescue

1. Describe size-up procedures used in land based/water/ice rescue incidents
2. Describe methods of stabilizing the scene in land based/water/ice rescue
3. Describe different types of water safety equipment used in land based/water/ice rescue
4. Describe different methods of searching for victim(s) in land based based/water/ice rescue
5. Describe the methods to assess and stabilize victim(s) in land based, water entry and ice rescue
6. Describe types and uses of ropes and rescue lines
7. Describe methods of removing stabilized victim(s) in land based/water/ice rescue
8. Describe communication techniques between rescue team members and victim(s)
9. Describe self rescue techniques utilized in land based/water/ice rescue
10. Describe the role of and responsibilities of emergency firefighter patient care responders in land based/water/ice rescue
11. Describe the role of the firefighter/rescuers and the fire department in land based/water/ice rescue
12. Describe the safety precautions to be taken when undertaking a land based/ water/ice rescue
13. Describe signs, symptoms and emergency procedures for hypothermia
14. Describe signs, symptoms and emergency procedures for a cold water near drowning victim(s)
15. Describe different types of water rescue situations for land based/water/ice rescue and the problems associated with each

Specific Skill Learning Outcomes

A. General Vehicle Extrication

1. Size-up an incident and overall situation, anticipating alternative courses of action, noting hazards, environmental conditions and electrical complications so that, on arrival, duties can be initiated quickly, safely and effectively
2. Stabilize the scene by taking necessary safety precautions such as crowd or traffic control, providing charged hose lines or extinguishers, eliminating all possible sources of ignition and isolating hazards, using warning devices, vapour suppressants and adequate lighting so that a safe working area is ensured
3. Conduct a search for victim(s), using appropriate vehicle extrication equipment and rescue procedures so that the search is systematic and comprehensive
4. Demonstrate the use of various extrication tools and equipment to extricate entrapped victim(s)
5. Disarm the supplemental restraint systems (SRS) and stabilize the vehicle by using equipment such as wrenches, spanners, wooden cribbing, air bags, jacks, chains and tarpaulins so that during the extrication the vehicle remains stationary and minimizes potential injuries to rescuer or victim(s)
6. Assess and stabilize victim(s) by utilizing patient care supplies and equipment, such as blankets, spinal boards, resuscitators and compresses so that life-threatening conditions are identified and treated, the victim(s) reassured and properly secured and can be removed from the vehicle with minimum risk of further injury
7. Provide a means of gaining access and egress from the vehicle such as mechanically opening or relocating a door, a roof, a steering column, and dashboard and removing glass using hydraulic, pneumatic, and/or hand extrication tools in order to safely and expediently remove victim(s)
8. Remove stabilized victim(s) from the vehicle to a safe area or transport so that additional injuries to the victim(s) are minimized during the extrication process
9. Communicate with rescue team members using communications systems and terminology so that rescue evolutions are carried out safely and effectively

B. Confined Space Rescue

1. Conduct an initial size-up of a non-entry confined space and rescue incident and overall situation
2. Stabilize the non-entry confined space scene
3. Demonstrate the use of use air monitoring equipment
4. Demonstrate the proper technique to ventilate space
5. Select appropriate rescue rope
6. Wear required personal protective clothing and supplied air-breathing apparatus in accordance with departmental policies, procedures and the Ontario Health and Safety Act
7. Demonstrate the necessary safety precautions when using or operating tools and equipment
8. Assess and stabilize the victim(s) external to the confined space area and determine level of care
9. Demonstrate removal of victim(s) using mechanical methods
10. Demonstrate the use of travel restraint equipment
11. Communicate with rescue team members, outside agencies and victim(s) using appropriate communications systems

C. Land Based/Water/Ice Rescue

1. Demonstrate size-up procedures in land based/water/ice rescue incidents anticipating alternative methods of rescue, noting hazards and environmental conditions so that, on arrival, duties can be initiated quickly, safely and effectively
2. Stabilize the rescue scene by taking necessary safety precautions such as crowd or vehicle/vessel traffic control and recognizing special hazards and using warning devices, adequate lighting and scene stabilization procedures so that a safe working area is ensured
3. Conduct a victim(s) search including downstream and ice surface using appropriate equipment and rescue procedures so that the search is systematic and comprehensive
4. Assess and stabilize victim(s) out of the water by utilizing emergency patient care supplies and equipment such as blankets, spinal boards, resuscitators and compresses so that life-threatening conditions are identified and treated, victim(s)
reassured and properly secured and can be removed from the scene with minimum risk of further injury
5. Communicate with rescue team members using predetermined communications systems and terminology such as hand signals and whistles so that rescue evolutions are carried out safely and effectively
6. Wear water safety equipment such as floatation vests so that equipment is correctly fitted and adjusted to enhance safety and protection
7. Deploy rescue lines using a coiled rope or throw line to a physically able victim(s) so that he/she can be pulled to land safely

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on http://library.senecacollege.ca for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

Discrimination/Harassment
All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at student.conduct@senecacollege.ca.

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Prerequisite(s)
FIR005 - Fire Ground Operations II

Corequisite

FIR006 - Fire Suppression II

Topic Outline
General Vehicle Extrication 

This section focuses on the generic rescue skills and basic vehicle extrication skills necessary for a firefighter/rescuer to safely and effectively extricate a victim(s) from a vehicle.  Content includes the principles, techniques and practices, reflecting leading edge vehicle technology.  The use of special equipment and resources such as manual, hydraulic and pneumatic tools and ancillary equipment are covered.  Other topics include scene assessment incident management systems and safety of victim(s) and rescuers. 

Confined Space Rescue 

This section provides an overview of the principles and practices associated with a non-entry confined space rescue.  Content focuses on non-entry confined space rescue and the role of the firefighter at an awareness level.  Learners will have an opportunity to practise size-up, assessment and stabilization skills in non-entry rescue.  Procedures to identify confined spaces, hazards and communication with victim(s) are also covered. 

Land Based/Water/Ice Rescue 

This section focuses on the roles and responsibilities of the firefighter/rescuer in land based/water entry/ice rescue.  Content includes the principles, techniques and practises for land based/water/ice rescue operations.  Practical experience includes the generic and specialized skills required in land based rescue. 

Mode of Instruction
Lectures and demonstrations

Prescribed Texts
2016 Emergency Response Guidebook. ISBN# 9781680080735

Reference Material
Hazardous Materials for First Responders IFSTA, Second Edition- Fire Protection Publications 
OFM Communique  re- Vehicle Extrication #2000-04 
Fire Service Rescue IFSTA Sixth Edition 1996 – Fire Protection Publications 
Principles of Vehicle Extrication IFSTA Second Edition 2000 – Fire Protection Publications 
2012 ERG Emergency Response Guidebook -  ISBN 9781610991209,

Required Supplies
None.

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
OR
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online (http://www.senecacollege.ca/academic-policy) or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.



Modes of Evaluation
Grading is based on the following marking scheme:

Quizzes 20%
Mid-term Exam 40%
Final Exam 40%

Pass mark for course is 70% overall
80% attendance is required by the Office of the Fire Marshal to receive a passing grade for this course.








Approved by: Sandra Noble