IFT107 - Food Packaging

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-20 11:47:45.024
Last review date 2018-07-20 11:47:53.954

Subject Title
Food Packaging

Subject Description
This subject provides students with a theoretical perspective of food packaging and development. Topics include an investigation of materials such as glass, plastic, metal, paper and modified atmosphere and biobased packaging materials, compatibility testing of a new package, protection devices, marketing and design aspects of packaging, and an overview of the relevant legislation and regulatory process.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Industrial Food Technology Certificate Program

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the processes involved in creating and printing food product graphics and labels
  2. Assess the qualities of an effective food product package
  3. Compare various methods of packaging of foods: production of the packaging, applications, advantages and disadvantages
  4. Compare methods used to fill and seal packages
  5. Identify the roles and responsibilities of each of the supplier, packaging converter, operator and packer/filler related to food product packaging
  6. Interpret symbols and terminology related to food product packaging

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on http://library.senecacollege.ca for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at student.conduct@senecacollege.ca.

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline
Introduction: History of packaging; functions of a package
Paper and paperboard; manufacture; grades of paper and properties; use in packaging
Folding cartons and corrugated containers; construction; styles; regulations; design barcodes
Plastic polymers; packaging films; properties of individual films; manufacturing processes; applications to food packaging
Aluminum foil and laminations; combinations of foil; film and due paper; designing structures to meet specific barrier needs; testing for shelf life
Edible films and coatings; bio based food packaging materials
Printing processes; types of printing used in packaging; artwork re due requirements; U.P.C. symbols; embossing; waxing; special coatings
Glass containers and closures; styles and types of jars and bottles; manufacture; closure types; convenience features; tamper-evident features
Metal containers; types of metal containers used in the food industry; tubes; aerosols
Plastic containers; injection molding; thermoforming; printing of plastic containers; plastic recycling codes
Packaging equipment; pouch machines; form, fill, seal machines; filling equipment; cartoners; overwrappers; case packers and case sealers
Specifications; importance; how to prepare; where to obtain data; palletizing/unitizing/packaging in the environment

Mode of Instruction
Lectures and small group discussions

Prescribed Texts
Food Packaging: Principles and Practice, Robertson, G.L.  CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group 3rd edition  ISBN 9781439862414

Environmentally-Compatible Food Packaging, Chiellini, E. 2008. England: Woodhead Publishing

Reference Material

Required Supplies

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online (http://www.senecacollege.ca/academic-policy) or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation

  • Assignments are due at the beginning of the class on which they are due.
  • A late penalty of 10% per day is assessed for late assignments, including those not handed in at the beginning of class when due.
  • Material will not be accepted after one week following the due date and/or when the marked material is returned to students, whichever comes first.
  • Assignments are to be prepared by computer.

Absenteeism and Exams
  • Students should be aware that absenteeism almost guarantees an inability to achieve satisfactory grades.
  • Students who are absent for an examination due to an emergency (e.g., motor vehicle accident, hospitalization or death in the family) may provide official documentation within five days of the missed exam and be provided a deferred exam at a later date.  Official documentation includes a death notice or an original doctor’s certificate identifying the date, length of time expected absence and the specific reason for the absence.  Examinations missed without official documentation and approval result in a grade of zero.
  • There are no deferred options for missed tests.  The value of missed tests, at the discretion of the Faculty, will be added to other evaluation components.

English Proficiency
  • All written work should demonstrate the following characteristics for clarity and conciseness:
-writing is consistent with the rules of English grammar
-spelling and punctuation are correct
-sentences are structured correctly
-main ideas are supported with specific, relevant examples and reasons
-work flows logically through supporting statements/paragraphs
-work is arranged in correct format (e.g., as a report, essay)
-up to 10% of the final grade may be deducted on all work if the above English competencies are not met.

Format for Assignments
  • Students must use the standard, APA style for quoting sources.   Help is available at:  http://library.senecacollege.ca

Laboratory Attendance

The laboratory component is essential and therefore it is strongly recommended  that you attend all labs.  Any missed labs must be supported with a legal document with three days of the lab.  Any student who fails to attend 2 scheduled laboratory classes for a 7 week subject and more than 3 laboratory classes for a 14 week subject will not pass the subject.   

Laboratory Safety
Students are required to review and understand the safety procedures and guidelines outlined on the first class and sign the sheet to this effect before beginning work in the laboratory.  Students must also wear a lab coat and safety glasses when conducting experiments.
A student who arrives without the proper safety equipment will not be permitted to participant in the lab but will be asked to leave the class.  The student will receive no grade for the lab missed.

Grading is based on the following marking scheme:
Quiz  10%
Mid Term Test 20%
Assignments 30%
Final Exam 40%


Other Evaluation Considerations
The student is expected to comply with the Safety Rules for working in the laboratory, sign the safety contract, and WILL NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES WEAR CONTACT LENSES in the laboratory.  The student will know where all safety equipment is located in the laboratory and will be familiar with WHMIS concepts and signage.


Approved by: Denis Gravelle