LAS100 - Criminal Justice System & Community Services

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-11-21 11:36:02.116
Last review date 2017-11-21 11:36:08.797

Subject Title
Criminal Justice System & Community Services

Subject Description
The maintenance of social order and control is fundamental to contemporary society and is exercised through a system of justice. The administration of justice encompasses a number of agencies, each of which necessarily interacts formally with the others. These agencies are the police, the courts and corrections. Additionally, various community and volunteer services assist in the broad justice role. The justice system is dynamic, and attempts to reflect the wishes of the society it serves, but opposing issues are always present. This foundation subject examines the roles and inter-relatedness of the three agencies and discusses current issues.

Credit Status
One credit in the Investigative Sciences and Police Studies Certificate Program

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1. Explain the origins of law, and in particular the evolution of the English Common Law System and its adoption in Canada
2. Examine the roles of the three components required to maintain social order and their inter-relatedness.
3. Assess the evolution and the powers of the three levels of police
4. Explain the different categories of laws enforced by police.
5. Explain the differences between Federal and Provincial laws.
6. Explain the theories of community assistance and linkages to police
7. Briefly describe the role of the courts in relation to the police
8. Describe the hierarchy and jurisdiction of the courts, of court procedures and of the individual roles within the system.
9. Explain the jurisdictional levels of corrections as dictated by the sentencing imposed by the courts
10. Discuss the administration of the various sentencing options imposed by the courts
11. Assess the classification of correctional facilities based on offender risk
12. Identify and discuss the current issues facing Canadian Corrections
13. Demonstrate an understanding of the roles of the community and community agencies in furthering the maintenance of social order
14. Explain the responsibility of the government levels regarding the making of law and its enforcement

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline
1. Introduction to Canadian Criminal Justice System
2. Sources of Law
3. History of Canadian Policing, Police Operations and Powers
4. Current Issues in Policing
5. Social Work Theory and Community Agencies
6. Introduction to the Court System and Trial Procedures
7. Sentencing as imposed by the Courts
8. Contemporary Corrections in Canada
9. Community Corrections: Probation / Parole and Conditional Release Programs
10. Issues in Corrections

Mode of Instruction
Online:  All class work is completed in a fully online environment.  Students do not attend any classes on campus.

Students interested in pursuing online studies must have strong time management skills and regular access to a home or office computer with an Internet connection and web access.

Teaching and Learning Methods:

The online delivery of this subject may involve the use of digital materials and/or a text, group discussion, interaction with your instructor, and online activities.

Prescribed Texts

  1. Criminal Justice In Canada, 7th Edition. Goff. Nelson. ISBN 9780176582944
  2. Martin's Annual Criminal Code, 2018 Student Version, Greenspan, Edward L., Q.C., Rosenberg, The Honourable Justice Marc, Henein, Marie, LL.B., LL.M. ISBN: 9780779879571

Reference Material

  • Introduction to Criminal Law, Cross and Jones Toronto; Butterworths, 1986
  • Schmeiser's Cases and Comments on Criminal Law, Toronto; Butterworths, 1985
  • Canadian Criminal Cases, Aurora; Canada Law Book, Inc.
  • Criminal Reports, Toronto; Carswell.
  • Criminal Law, Mewett and Manning, Toronto; Butterworths, 1986.
  • Criminal Law in Canada, Verdun-Jones, s., Toronto; Harcourt, Braace, Jovanovich, 1989

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Grading Scheme LAS100:

Discussions 30%
Quiz (2) 30%
Final Exam 40%
                                Total 100%

For further information on evaluation and academic standing, please refer to the Seneca College Academic Policy

Student Success
In-Class and Blended
Please come prepared to participate in class. Make sure you bring your course text to each class, participate in class discussions, hand in any assigned work on time and attend each and every class. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Please access the course every week (or more) and keep up with assigned readings. Make sure you participate in online discussions and hand in any assigned work on time. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Approved by: Sandra Noble