LAS103 - Arrest, Search and Force

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-12 16:08:29.448
Last review date 2018-07-12 16:08:29.449

Subject Title
Arrest, Search and Force

Subject Description
This course will examine pertinent sections of the Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms and their impact on the Canadian Criminal Procedure. Citizen and police arrest and release authorities, police powers and search and seizure with and without warrant, police discretion and implications will be discussed.
The course also contains The Police Services Act pertaining to duties of a Police officer, Code of Conduct and Complaints. This course will enable the student to become familiar with police terminology and apply procedure required to affect arrest and release.

Credit Status
One credit in the Investigative Sciences and Police Studies Certificate Program

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1) Evaluate the law in regards to a citizen's and a peace officer's power of arrest.
2) Demonstrate your understand of the law in regards to compelling the appearance of the accused in court.
3) Assess the law in regards to the limitations on the use of force by citizens and peace officers.
4) Explain the law in regards to searching person and buildings without a search warrant.
5) Describe the law in regards to obtaining and executing a search warrant.
6) Show an understanding of the National Use of Force Response Options.
7) Examine the law as it pertains to use of force, and the limits placed upon it.
8) Evaluate tactical communications.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline
        1.    Course Objectives, Introductions, Definitions

        2.    Definitions, Charter of Rights, Basic Reasons for Arrest

        3.    Found Committing, Resonable Grounds, Citizens Power of Arrest

        4.    Citizens Power of Arrest, Section 494 (1) (2) and (3)

        5.    Techniques of Arrest, Arrest Warrants

        6.    Police Officers Powers of Arrest, Section 495 (2) "Shall not Arrest"

        7.    Police Officers Release, Officer in Charge Shall Release

        8.    Officer in Charge may Release, Show Cause Hearing

        9.    Warrantless Search Presumption, Charter of Rights

        10.  Search Incident to Arrest, Consent Search, Plain View Doctrine

        11.  Statute Search Authority without Warrant for Weapons/Drugs Obtaining Search Warrant

        12.  Use of Force Response Options, Awareness Levels, Subject Behaviours

        13.  Tactical Communication

Mode of Instruction
Online:  All class work is completed in a fully online environment.  Students do not attend any classes on campus; however, the final exam must be written in-person at the Test Centre of the College at which you registered. . If you are unable to do so, please make alternative arrangements through the College at which you registered. 

Students interested in pursuing online studies must have strong time management skills and regular access to a home or office computer with an Internet connection and web access.

The online delivery of this subject may involve the use of digital materials and/or a text, group discussion, interaction with your instructor, and online activities.

Students must achieve a passing grade in both the term work and the final exam of 50% to pass this course.

Prescribed Texts
On-Line Delivery Mode:

Martin's Annual Criminal Code. M. Carswell. 2018. ISBN:9780779879571 (2016 and 2017 editions will be supported)

Basic Police Procedures. G, Arcaro. Emond Montgomery. 4th Edition. ISBN: 9781552392881

Reference Material
Basic Police Powers, 4th edition
By Gino Arcaro, Emond Montgomery Publications, ISBN#9781552392881

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Term Work and Final Examination Requirements:

To pass this subject, students must achieve the learning outcomes specified in this subject outline.  Students must achieve a passing grade in both the term work and the final exam of 50% to pass this course.

Grading Scheme LAS103:

Assignments 15%
Participation in weekly discussions 10%
Online Quiz and Mid-term test 35%
Final Exam 40%

For further information on evaluation and academic standing, please refer to the Seneca College Academic Policy

Student Success
In-Class and Blended
Please come prepared to participate in class. Make sure you bring your course text to each class, participate in class discussions, hand in any assigned work on time and attend each and every class. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Please access the course every week (or more) and keep up with assigned readings. Make sure you participate in online discussions and hand in any assigned work on time. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Approved by: Sandra Noble