LAW130 - Criminal Justice System and Community Services

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-20 13:47:09.692
Last review date 2018-07-20 13:47:21.337

Subject Title
Criminal Justice System and Community Services

Subject Description
The maintenance of social control and order is fundamental to any contemporary society and is exercised through a system of justice. The administration of justice encompasses numerous agencies, all of which interact both formally and informally. The system is applied by three main public sector agencies, the police, the courts and corrections, along with several other public and private sector agencies, including community and volunteer services. The justice system is dynamic and attempts to reflect the wishes of the society, but often leads to opposing views in its application. This course examines the various discourses, roles, responsibilities, and interrelated relationships of these agencies and organizations in the application of the criminal justice system, community services, and restorative justice.

Credit Status
This is a Police Foundations program prescribed credit required for graduation from this programs.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Discuss the evolution and functions of criminal law and justice system in Canada, including the responsibility of the various levels of government in making and enforcing law.
  2. Critique various philosophies and theories of criminal justice system.
  3. Explain the criminal justice process and interdependencies of various law enforcement and community agencies in detail.
  4. Describe the evolution, roles, powers, and organization of the various levels of the police, the courts, and corrections in Canada.
  5. Evaluate the effectiveness of various law enforcement agencies in maintaining social order in society and in achieving their assigned objectives.
  6. Describe the role of various community justice organizations in Canada and evaluate their contribution to maintaining social order.
  7. Analyze various issues facing criminal justice system in Canada to offer solutions for these issues.
  8. Defend a position on current issues in the criminal justice system.
  9. Describe restorative justice and evaluate its contribution to the criminal justice system.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Topic Outline
       1.    Introduction to Canadian Criminal Justice System

        2.    Sources of Law

        3.    History of Policing

        4.    Police Operations and Powers

        5.    Current Issues in Policing

        6.    Introduction to the Court System and Trial Procedures

        7.    Sentencing as imposed by the Courts

        8.    Contemporary Corrections in Canada

        9.    Community Programs

Mode of Instruction
This course is delivered In-class (some online work may be required each week):

Students attend classes on campus each week. All instruction is delivered in a face to face environment.  Some online reading and or assignments may be assigned throughout the duration of the course.

Teaching and Learning Methods:

To ensure that students are engaged as much as possible in the learning process, instructors can use such teaching methods as lectures, films, practical exercises, class and small group discussions, digital materials and/or a text, group discussion, and online activities where appropriated

Prescribed Texts
Criminal Justice In Canada, 7th Edition;
By Colin Goff;  Nelson Education, ISBN#9780176582944

Ontario Police Services Act, Revised Statutes of Ontario (available online for students to download)

Reference Material
Criminal Justice in Canada, 5th edition(CDN ED)
By Colin Goff, Cengage Learning(Nelson Canada), ISBN#0176501738 (13 digit: 9780176501730)

Martins Criminal Code (2012 or 2013)
By Martin, Emond Montgomery, ISBN#005277892

Pocket Dictionary of Canadian Law, (4th edition.) Thompson Carswell

Required Supplies
Memo Book

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Term Work and Final Examination Requirements:

To pass this course, students must achieve the learning outcomes specified in this course outline.  This achievement is determined through the completion of all course components.  Students must pass both term work and final exam or final assignment (if the final assignment is in lieu of the final exam) in order to pass the course (minimum passing grade 50%).

If you are unable to complete the Final Exam/Assignment in this subject, you must provide documentation to support the absence to the instructor within one week.  If necessary, this information will be presented at the promotion meeting for consideration in determining and recommending the final grade.


All assignments must be completed prior to the time of the final examination. Unless students have been granted an extension in advance, late assignments will be penalized accordingly. There is no provision for rewriting late assignments, regardless of the grade awarded.  Students must contact faculty in advance of the due date to discuss extensions. If an assignment is missed due to class absence, any official documentation that might be grounds for arranging a make-up opportunity must be submitted to the faculty member on or before the next scheduled class.  Make-up opportunities do not apply to all graded assignments.

All assignments must be correctly documented and follow the criteria established by the instructor unless otherwise noted.  For additional information, please refer to Seneca Libraries Guide to Citing Sources:

Test and Exam dates have been pre-arranged and are non-negotiable.  If a test/exam is missed, the student must provide official documentation to support the reason for the absence within one week to the instructor.  Make-up tests or exams will be granted for extenuating circumstances only and at the discretion of the faculty. 

Grading Scheme  LAW130:

In-class Sections
In-class tests and assignments 40%
Online discussions 30%
Final Exam 30%

Student Success
In-Class and Blended
Please come prepared to participate in class. Make sure you bring your course text to each class, participate in class discussions, hand in any assigned work on time and attend each and every class. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Please access the course every week (or more) and keep up with assigned readings. Make sure you participate in online discussions and hand in any assigned work on time. Following these suggestions will increase your chances of success.

Approved by: Sandra Noble