LAW250 - Crime Prevention and Community Policing

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-11-21 11:36:30.456
Last review date 2017-11-21 11:36:42.838

Subject Title
Crime Prevention and Community Policing

Subject Description
Community oriented policing is a strategy for forging a partnership between the police department and the citizens it serves. The community will participate in identifying problems of local concern and in helping find solutions. The police are the driving force behind establishing public safety and encouraging citizen involvement. The success of the police depends on developing their own skills, and allowing officers the flexibility to analyse, and initiate proactive crime prevention measures.

This subject will explore the law that directly supports these measures. It will also examine technology and techniques to reduce crime. Further, it will explore the theories and practices of community policing as it exists in Canada today.

Credit Status
This is a credit subject in the Police Foundations diploma program

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1.  Identify how the Trespass to Property Act and the Private Security and Investigative Services Act enhance community policing efforts.
2.  Contrast public policing and private policing in Ontario.
3.  Sequence the evolution of Community Based Policing relative to current practises and procedures set out in The Police Services Act
4.   Construct special programs such as "Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design" (CPTED).  In addition, the student will compose a research paper to assist in a residential or commercial community, using this type of Community Based Policing initiative.
5.   Describe various police designed models for reducing crime and fear of victimization in a diverse community.
6.   Generate strategies to assist victims of crime.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Topic Outline

1. LAW - Trespass to Property Act
- P.S.I.S. Act
- Relevant provincial acts and
  municipal bylaws
- Evolution
- Patrol models
- Problem solving and setting
- Committees/volunteers and
  team building
- Measuring performance
- Police learning
- Factors that hinder
- Physical security
- Commercial security
- Survey/audits
- Survey of current initiatives
- Assignment
- Using the internet
- Media relations

Mode of Instruction
The content of this course will be delivered by:
              - Lecture
              - Individual research projects
              - Handout material
              - Discussion and demonstration
              - PowerPoint and AV presentations

Prescribed Texts
Community-Based Strategic Policing in Canada 4th Edition;
By Brian Whitelaw and Richard Parent, Nelson Publishing, ISBN#978-0-17-650941-5

Reference Material
Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention, Fennelly, Butterworths, 1999.

Introduction to Security, Fischer, Green, Butterworths, 2003.

Canadian Private Security Manual, Smith, Prouse, Carswell, 1989.

Community Policing in Canada, Griffith, Parent, Nelson/Thomson, 2001.

Community Based Strategic Policing in Canada, Whitelaw, Thomson-Nelson, 2005.

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
Term Work and Final Examination Requirements:

To pass this course, students must achieve the learning outcomes specified in this course outline.  This achievement is determined through the completion of all course components.  Students must pass both term work and final exam or final assignment (if the final assignment is in lieu of the final exam) in order to pass the course (minimum passing grade 50%).

If you are unable to complete the Final Exam/Assignment in this subject, you must provide documentation to support the absence to the instructor within one week.  If necessary, this information will be presented at the promotion meeting for consideration in determining and recommending the final grade.


All assignments must be completed prior to the time of the final examination. Unless students have been granted an extension in advance, late assignments will be penalized accordingly. There is no provision for rewriting late assignments, regardless of the grade awarded.  Students must contact faculty in advance of the due date to discuss extensions. If an assignment is missed due to class absence, any official documentation that might be grounds for arranging a make-up opportunity must be submitted to the faculty member on or before the next scheduled class.  Make-up opportunities do not apply to all graded assignments.

All assignments must be correctly documented and follow the criteria established by the instructor, unless otherwise noted.  For additional information, please refer to Seneca Libraries Guide to Citing Sources:

Test and Exam dates have been pre-arranged and are non-negotiable.  If a test/exam is missed, the student must provide official documentation to support the reason for the absence within one week to the instructor.  Make-up tests or exams will be granted for extenuating circumstances only and at the discretion of the faculty.

Your final mark will be comprised of:

  • 15% - In class evaluations - Quizzes (3 at 5%)
  • 15% - A Security Site Survey assignment
  • 15% - A Community Policing Plan assignment
  • 15% - A mid-term test worth
  • 30% - A final examination worth
  • 10% - Participation
    You must attain at least a ‘D’ grade in this subject.
    Late or missed assignments are at the discretion of the individual professor.

Please retain copies of all assignments submitted.

Approved by: Sandra Noble