MDR106 - Disinfection and Sterilization Concepts

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-20 11:48:35.936
Last review date 2018-07-20 11:48:47.83

Subject Title
Disinfection and Sterilization Concepts

Subject Description
Introduces the key principles and factors affecting sterilization and monitoring sterilization cycles. Common types of sterilization processes will be explored.

Credit Status
One credit toward the Medical Devices Reprocessing Certificate Program.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  1. Describe the different methods of sterilization and identify the criteria for choosing the appropriate method sterilization and/or high level disinfection;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the proper operation of the following methods of sterilization: steam (low gravity, pre-vac, flash autoclave), sterrad, steris, and ethylene oxide;
  3. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of high level disinfection and proper operation and use of the pasteurmatic units;
  4. Describe and demonstrate the mechanical parameters required for effective sterilization;
  5. Describe the monitoring practices (integrator/indicators, Bowie-Disk test, biological tests) and describe the recall procedure for failed loads;
  6. Identify the hazards and safety precautions required when handling sterilizer equipment;
  7. Identify the risks involved in improper sterilization and describe the impact for the patient and organization;
  8. Describe alternate methods of sterilization and/or high level disinfection in the sterile processing department.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

MDR100- Medical Terminology
MDR102- Microbiology and Infection Control
MDR103- Identification, Care and Handling of Instrument
MDR104- Decontamination, Principles, Procedures & Practice
MDR105- Assembly, Wrapping and packing of Instrumentation 

Topic Outline
Required Readings Week 1:
Lind, Natalie. (2005). Instrumentation Resource Course: Identification, Handling and Processing of Surgical Instruments.
Unit 6-Factors Influencing the Sterilization Process (pgs. 141-144)
Assignments for Week 1:
Discussion: Introductory Icebreaker
Please introduce yourself to your classmates and your instructor, and address the ice-breaker question.
[Introductory post should be included under â€oeIntroductions†folder in Desire2Learn].
General Principles of Steam Sterilization
Steam Sterilizers
Relative vs Absolute Sterilization
Discussion posting
Watch YouTube video (quicklink): Sterilization Protocols

Week #2:
Sterilizer Loading & Unloading
Sterilizer Operation
Sterilization Cycles
Discussion posting
Week #3:
Wet Packs
Sterilizer Maintenance
Discussion posting

Week #4:
Dry Heat Sterilization
Low Temperature Sterilization
Discussion posting

Week #5:
Gas Plasma Sterilization
Limitations of Gas Plasma
Discussion posting

Week #6:
Peracetic Acid Sterilization
Limitations of Peracetic Acid
Discussion posting

Week #7:
Quality Assurance & Administrative Controls
Discussion posting
Week #8:
Chemical Indicators
Biological Indicators
Routine Challenge
New Technology
Discussion posting
Week #7:
Quality Assurance & Administrative Controls
Discussion posting
Week #8:
Chemical Indicators
Biological Indicators
Routine Challenge
New Technology
Discussion posting
Complete Ontario Learn Survey (link)

Mode of Instruction
This will involve the use of digital materials and/or a text, group work and discussions, interaction with your instructor and online activities.
This is not a self-paced course. There is a schedule to follow.
Platform:  Desire2Learn

Prescribed Texts
Instrumentation Specialist Course, Box Set
for Sterile Processing Cert.

Publisher IAHCSMM, workbook,
Author: Natalie Lind,
ISBN: 88870004943
Approx. Cost: 249.75
Illustrated Guide Book,
Author Rick Schultz: Included

Required Supplies
MS Word
Adobe Reader
PPT Reader

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation
All the academic policies of the College at which you registered apply.  This includes, but is not limited to policies related to grading, supplemental exams, deferred exams and accommodations.

Grading is based on the following marking scheme:

Test(s) 40%
Quiz(zes) 10%
Discussion Posts 20%
Final Exam Online - invigilated 30%

No student will be eligible to graduate with a Seneca College certificate or diploma if, in more than 30% of the subjects required for graduation, the student has received a "D" grade.

  • Assignments are due on the date given by the instructior.
  • A late penalty of 10% per day is assessed for late assignments, including those not handed in at the beginning of class when due.
  • Material will not be accepted after one week following the due date and/or when the marked material is returned to students, whichever comes first.
  • Assignments are to be prepared by computer.

Absenteeism and Exams
  • Students who are absent for an examination due to an emergency (e.g., motor vehicle accident, hospitalization or death in the family) may provide official documentation within five days of the missed exam and be provided a deferred exam at a later date.  Official documentation includes a death notice or an original doctor’s certificate identifying the date, length of time expected absence and the specific reason for the absence.  Examinations missed without official documentation and approval result in a grade of zero.
  • There are no deferred options for missed tests.  

English Proficiency
  • All written work should demonstrate the following characteristics for clarity and conciseness:
-writing is consistent with the rules of English grammar
-spelling and punctuation are correct
-sentences are structured correctly
-main ideas are supported with specific, relevant examples and reasons
-work flows logically through supporting statements/paragraphs
-work is arranged in correct format (e.g., as a report, essay)
-up to 10% of the final grade may be deducted on all work if the above English competencies are not met.



Approved by: Sharon Estok