PFD410 - Traffic Law and Collision Investigation

Outline info
Last revision date 2017-11-21 11:37:16.143
Last review date 2017-11-21 11:37:22.324

Subject Title
Traffic Law and Collision Investigation

Subject Description
Proactive and consistent enforcement of traffic laws by the police has proven to have a significant impact in reducing motor vehicle collisions and the resulting death and/or injuries. Within this course, students will develop the knowledge, skills and ability to locate, interpret and apply definitions and sections as found in the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario and the Criminal Code of Canada. Students will examine case scenarios and learn to determine applicable charges. Police authorities, driver?s licenses, permits, suspensions and rules of the road will all be studied. Students will also study the Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act, Off-Road Vehicles Act and Motorized Snow Vehicles Act. Strategies and procedures regarding the safe and proper management of a collision scene will also be studied through the use of practical exercises and computerized records management collision reporting.

Credit Status
This is a Police Foundations Program prescribed credit.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  • Analyze provincial and federal traffic scenarios and circumstances involving traffic violations, and apply pertinent legislation and prosecution procedures
  • Identify the most common rules of the road and applicable charges for infringing and breaking these rules.
  • Prepare various documents required by law with respect to criminal driving offences
  • Cite and apply police authority to stop, inspect, search and seize items of evidence related to traffic law
  • Consider Charter of Rights and Freedoms application to police authority in traffic related incidents
  • Gather and evaluate evidence found at a mock collision scene and record the data in computerized records management system
  • Testify in a moot traffic court presentation
  • Define licensing, motor vehicle and vehicle categories as found in both the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario and Criminal Code of Canada
  • Assess safe procedures when conducting lawful traffic stops with unsafe methods

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Topic Outline

1.  Sources of traffic law  
 2. Traffic scenarios and applicable laws (Off road vehicle; Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act)                                                                                   
 3.  Rules of the road and applicable laws (Highway Traffic Act and Regs.)  
 4.  Documents used in traffic prosecutions  
 5.  Authorities to stop, inspect, search, seize and arrest (H.T.A. and Criminal Code)  
 6.  Documents related to licensing, permits and classifications  
 7. Charting, license classification  systems / suspensions  
 8.  Criminal Code driving offences  
 9.  Collision Scene Management  
10. Moot court traffic prosecutions

Mode of Instruction
Classroom lectures, course web site (on line work*) films, case scenarios, practical exercises and group discussions make up the primary methods of instruction.  Also, mixed mode, extensive use of the course web site for problem solving exercises will be utilized.

Prescribed Texts

The Ontario Highway Traffic Act.  Cross referenced to selected regulations (Access Provincial Offence Act at:

  •   Traffic Management, By Olivio and Knetsch, (Emond Montgomery); ISBN# 9781552393734
The Annotated Ontario Highway Traffic Act 2016,
By Murray Segal, Thomson Carswell Publishers, ISBN# 9780779871292

Martin's Annual Criminal Code, 2018 Student Version, Greenspan, Edward L., Q.C., Rosenberg, The Honourable Justice Marc, Henein, Marie, LL.B., LL.M. ISBN: 9780779879571

Reference Material
The Criminal Code of Canada

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation

  • There will be term tests totaling 60%.  Assignments and small tests will have a total value of 40%.
  • The professor will discuss the assignments, tests, and their value at the time of their assignment.  The last term test will be during the final week of classes

10% - Assignments
20% - (2) Tests
30% - Online Midterm Quiz
30% - Final Exam
10% - Participation

Approved by: Sandra Noble