PFD450 - Diversity and Indigenous Peoples in Canada

Outline info
Last revision date 2018-07-20 13:47:42.989
Last review date 2018-07-20 13:47:53.043

Subject Title
Diversity and Indigenous Peoples in Canada

Subject Description
This course merges elements of law enforcement and issues within Diversity and Indigenous communities. This course begins by exploring the basic concepts of diversity, multiculturalism and human rights from a Canadian context. From there, Canadian human rights legislation is reviewed and the role policing plays in upholding these rights. Students will further gain an understanding of cultural and religious diversity, in addition to such topics as family violence, mental health issues, and developmental disabilities. This section of the course concludes with examining the level of cultural competency within Canadian police services and their efforts to diversify the face of policing. By the end of this section, students should:

  • Understand the challenges of community policing
  • Recognize the benefits and challenges of diversity for policing
  • Explore how greater awareness of diversity can help reduce conflict and misunderstanding.
The next section of the course focuses on the colonization of Indigenous people and the resulting socio-economic issues. The historical foundation between Indigenous and European cultures will set the tone for past and present relationships. Treaty and land claims generally misunderstood by the Canadian public are explored, in addition to the plight of the residential school system. Inequalities still exist for this population group in the areas of social services, education, labour market, health and the criminal justice system, despite being the fastest-growing portion of Canada?s population. By the end of this section, students should:
  • Understand how colonization impacted Indigenous people
  • Recognize the effects of Indigenous people?s extensive history of mistreatment in Canada
  • Learn about new Indigenous opportunities to overcome existing challenges
The course materials draw from a variety of locations, offering a variety of everyday examples, case studies and social media to enhance students? understanding of the dynamics of identities and cultures resulting from the reorganization of societies and nations, and the complexities associated with global integration.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

  • Understand the theoretical frameworks forming Canada’s multicultural society and immigration policies
  • Critically evaluate current developments, issues, and changing conditions in area of diversity.
  • Appreciate the need for flexibility, understanding and awareness.
  • Recognize diversity is a continuing investment in marginalized groups.
  • Comprehend the challenges facing the Indigenous and their effort of truth and reconciliation.
  • Articulate how diversity is an integral part of law enforcement.
  • Explore and promote new dialogues in an effort to contribute to social change.
  • Describe the differences of the “First Nations,” “Inuit” and “Métis” Indigenous populations in Canada and their impact on Canadian society.
  • Summarize the history of Indigenous policing in Canada for the purpose of developing new initiatives and sustaining current programs that recognize and address the diverse policing needs of both urban and rural Indigenous communities.
  • Distinguish between individualized racism and institutionalized racism within the context of colonialism to discuss the systematic disadvantages of Indigenous peoples in Canada.
  • Identify the intercultural challenges for Indigenous and non-Indigenous police officers in urban areas and on reserves.

Cheating and Plagiarism
Each student should be aware of the College's policy regarding Cheating and Plagiarism. Seneca's Academic Policy will be strictly enforced.

To support academic honesty at Seneca College, all work submitted by students may be reviewed for authenticity and originality, utilizing software tools and third party services. Please visit the Academic Honesty site on for further information regarding cheating and plagiarism policies and procedures.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Disabilities Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.

Topic Outline

  • A Portrait of Canadian Diversity
  • Human Rights and Freedoms
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Religious Diversity
  • Family Violence, Mental Health Issues and Developmental Disabilities
  • Policing with Diversity Competency
  • Media Analysis Presentations
  • Creation and Contact
  • Western Expansion and Treaties
  • Residential Schools
  • Current Socio-Economic Issues
  • Current Issues Over Land
  • Aboriginal People and the Criminal Justice System

Prescribed Texts
Diversity and First Nations Issues in Canada, 2nd Edition. John Roberts, Darion Boyington, Shahé S. Kazarian. ISBN: 978-1-55239-490-8

Promotion Policy

Grading Policy
A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online ( or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices.

Modes of Evaluation

Online Participation 20%
In-class Participation 20%
Assignment 1: Critical Reflection (1000 words) 20%
Assignment 2: Media Analysis Presentation 20%
Assignment 3: Term Paper (1500 words) 20%

Approved by: Sandra Noble