If you reflect on the subject before you read, you will bring more to the reading of the text and become an active reader.
Preread – read biography or historical information
1st Read – read for information and enjoyment
2nd Read – read with pen in hand, writing comments and questions
Every time you read something you bring prior knowledge and experience of that topic to the reading. By preparing yourself to read and study a topic, you will allow your brain to make connections between what you already know about the topic and what you are about to learn.
By connecting old information with new information, you will be better prepared to make predictions about what you will be reading and where the text is headed.
Don’t allow unfamiliar words to impede your reading of the text. Read through the entire piece before you try to look up unfamiliar words in the dictionary.
Write down questions, thoughts or queries in the margins as you read.
Summarize the main points into your own words in order to make sure you have understood what you just read.
KNOW THE PURPOSE
Find out what your teacher wants you to look for. For example, the structure of argument, opinions, organization, imagery?
Knowing the purpose for reading the piece will help you to focus your reading and narrow in on specific aspects of the piece.