SPR195 - Introduction to Sprinklers

Outline info
Last revision date Mar 17, 2021 12:20:02 PM
Last review date Mar 17, 2021 12:20:12 PM

Subject Title
Introduction to Sprinklers

Subject Description
This course provides students with a basic understanding of the requirements that apply to the design, installation, and approval of automatic sprinkler systems. Relevant codes and standards will be included, with a special emphasis placed on the general code NFPA13.

Credit Status

This is a required credit in the Sprinkler Design Certificate Program.

Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this subject the student will be able to:

1. Identify and interpret Site drawings, Architect's drawings, Ceiling plans, and Structural drawings.
2. Perform a building and site survey to gather information prior to sprinkler system design.
3. Locate and draw underground piping, fittings, and elevations in plan and elevation views.
4. Identify and provide application examples for the various styles of sprinklers.
5. Explain and calculate sprinkler coverage.
6. Describe and identify wet, dry, preaction, and deluge sprinkler systems.
7. Describe and identify tree, gridded, and looped sprinkler systems.
8. List and describe the various types of pipe approved for sprinkler systems.
9. List and identify the various methods for joining pipe approved for sprinkler systems including threaded,
flanged, welded, soldered, and grooved connections.
10. Identify and describe the operation of the various valves used in sprinkler systems including gate,
butterfly, check, indicating post, and fire department connection.
11. Determine the hazard classification for any occupancy.
12. Layout sprinklers within a simple building according to the specifications laid out in NFPA13.
13. Layout branch lines and mains in an effective manner, indicating diameters, lengths, and fittings.
14. Identify the available hanger hardware and describe the various hanging methods approved for
sprinkler systems.
15. Retrieve and use the specifications listed in NFPA13 for the design of sprinkler systems.

Academic Integrity
Seneca upholds a learning community that values academic integrity, honesty, fairness, trust, respect, responsibility and courage. These values enhance Seneca's commitment to deliver high-quality education and teaching excellence, while supporting a positive learning environment. Ensure that you are aware of Seneca's Academic Integrity Policy which can be found at: http://www.senecacollege.ca/about/policies/academic-integrity-policy.html Review section 2 of the policy for details regarding approaches to supporting integrity. Section 2.3 and Appendix B of the policy describe various sanctions that can be applied, if there is suspected academic misconduct (e.g., contract cheating, cheating, falsification, impersonation or plagiarism).

Please visit the Academic Integrity website http://open2.senecac.on.ca/sites/academic-integrity/for-students to understand and learn more about how to prepare and submit work so that it supports academic integrity, and to avoid academic misconduct.

All students and employees have the right to study and work in an environment that is free from discrimination and/or harassment. Language or activities that defeat this objective violate the College Policy on Discrimination/Harassment and shall not be tolerated. Information and assistance are available from the Student Conduct Office at student.conduct@senecacollege.ca.

Accommodation for Students with Disabilities
The College will provide reasonable accommodation to students with disabilities in order to promote academic success. If you require accommodation, contact the Counselling and Accessibility Services Office at ext. 22900 to initiate the process for documenting, assessing and implementing your individual accommodation needs.


Access to NFPA Codes and Standards essential for Sprinkler Design program. (Provided by College)

A Windows operating system is required to use the SprinkCAD® software. (Required for future courses)

An Architect Ruler is required for SPR195.

Topic Outline

  • History of sprinkler systems
  • Definitionsof fire protection engineers and technicians
  • Reading and using scales
  • Interpreting drawings
  • Identifying structural steel members and bays on a building plan

  • Sprinkler system terms including Listing and Authority Having Jurisdiction
  • Reading and interpreting building specifications
  • Interpreting sprinkler system specifications
  • How to perform a field and building survey

  • Types of water supplies
  • Protection from freezing
  • Underground piping materials and fittings
  • Underground pipe symbols and elevation labels
  • Interpreting site plan elevations
  • The anatomy of a fire hydrant
  • Selecting and specifying thrust blocks and pipe restraints
  • Preforming flow tests and graphing results

  • Sprinkler types and properties
  • Sprinkler system types, wet, dry, preaction and deluge
  • Sprinkler system configurations, trees, grids and loops
  • Sprinkler system terminology and symbols for cross mains, lines, riser nipples, system risers, inspector's test connections, fire department connections, hangers, sprigs, drops and sprinklers

  • Pipe and tubing
  • Fittings, valves and attachments
  • Pipe joining methods
  • System riser components
  • Alarm Valve Operator

  • Hazard classification and density requirements for various buildings
  • System area limitations
  • Sprinkler coverage
  • Maximum sprinkler spacing
  • Sprinkler temperature ratings
  • Sprinkler spacing and location
  • Determining the required number of spinklers and branch lines considering the building structural steel for system layout
  • Laying out and drawing sprinklers and piping on a building plan to scale
  • Dimensioning and labelling sprinkler system drawings
  • Special considerations including obstructions, vertical shafts, rack storage, stairways, pitched roofs and suspended ceilings

  • Pipe hanging methods and hardware
  • Where hangers are required
  • Selecting rod diameters
  • Earthquake restraint
  • System acceptance

Mode of Instruction
Correspondence – independent learning with tutor support via telephone, email and/or regular mail.

Prescribed Texts
1. Seneca College Student Study Guide for SPR195, Seneca College.

Study Guide is included in the tuition fee and will be mailed out to Correspondence students with their start up package.

2. NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems, NFPA.
NFPA text is not included in tuition fee and student is responsible for acquiring this text on their own.

Reference Material
1.   Automatic Sprinkler Systems Handbook, Robert E. Solomon, NFPA.

Required Supplies
Architects scale ( English units ), Mechanical pencil, Eraser, Circle template.

Student Progression and Promotion Policy


Grading Policyhttp://www.senecacollege.ca/about/policies/grading-policy.html

A+ 90%  to  100%
A 80%  to  89%
B+ 75%  to  79%
B 70%  to  74%
C+ 65%  to  69%
C 60%  to  64%
D+ 55%  to  59%
D 50%  to  54%
F 0%    to  49% (Not a Pass)
EXC Excellent
SAT Satisfactory
UNSAT Unsatisfactory

For further information, see a copy of the Academic Policy, available online (http://www.senecacollege.ca/about/policies/academics-and-student-services.html) or at Seneca's Registrar's Offices. (https://www.senecacollege.ca/registrar.html).

Modes of Evaluation
To obtain a passing grade for the subject, a student must complete and obtain a passing grade on all combined assignments and tests (term work) and also a passing grade on the final exam.  50% is a passing grade.  For further information on evaluation and academic standing, see a copy of the Academic Policy.  They are available at http://www.senecacollege.ca/about/policies/academics-and-student-services.html.

Student competence of the subject matter as a whole will be measured by a final examination. The final grade will be computed according to the following:
Assignments:                            50%  
Term Test:                                 20%
Final Exam:                               30%

Approved by: Sandra Noble